The Shanghai Natural History Museum, inspired by the garden design of its homeland, integrates the spirt of nature and architecture. Adjacent to an urban sculpture park, the museum rises up as a spiraling landscaped plane surrounding an oval pond, its shape recalling the harmonious forms and proportions of a nautilus shell, one of the purest geometric forms found in nature. Through its relationship to the site, the drama of the exterior features and its interior detailing, the museum represents the harmony of man and nature.
Within this spiraling plane is an oval courtyard containing a stepped garden composed of rock formations and water in the tradition of the “Mountain Water Garden.” The structural framing and sun shade lining the courtyard is an abstraction of patterns found in traditional Chinese garden pavilions, while also referencing the human cell. The north wall suggests the layering of tectonic plates, with the “living” east wall forming an arcade representing the vegetation of the earth’s surface. Together, these features focus our awareness on the fundamental elements of the natural world: plants, earth and water.
The LEED Gold certified, China Green 3-Star museum is a bioclimatic building which responds to the sun using an appropriately oriented intelligent building skin to maximize daylight and minimize solar gain. The pond in the oval courtyard provides evaporative cooling while the temperature of the earth provides heating and cooling by using a geothermal system. Rain water is collected from the vegetated roof and stored in the pond along with recycled grey water. All of the energy features of the museum are part of exhibits which will explain the story of the museum.
• Predicted EUI in kBtu/sf/yr excluding on-site renewable energy contribution: 50.354 kBtu/sf/yr
• Predicted EUI in kBtu/sf/yr including on-site renewable energy contribution: 50.354 kBtu/sf/yr
• Predicted % regional energy reduction per Energy Star Target Finder: 14.58%.
• Actual EUI in kBtu/sf/yr including on-site renewable energy contribution: N/A data not yet available
• Community Connectivity: Located within one-quarter-mile walking distance of several public, campus, or private bus lines.
• Alternative Transportation: Bicycle storage facilities and shower facilities.
• Parking spaces per occupant: Preferred parking spaces for car/vanpool vehicles have been provided for 6.17% of the total parking capacity
• WalkScore rating: 99
• Percent (%) precipitation managed on site: Stormwater runoff from 90% of the average annual rainfall is captured and treated to remove 80% of the average annual post-development Total Suspended Solids (TSS).
• Percent (%) regulated potable water reduction from baseline: The project has reduced potable water use by 49.47%.
• Construction Waste Management: The project has diverted 99.78% of the on-site generated construction waste from landfill.
• Recycled Content: 21.02% of the total building materials content, by value, has been manufactured using recycled materials.
• Regional Materials: 58.28% of the total building materials value includes materials and products that have been manufactured and extracted within 500 miles of the project site.
• Storage and Collection of Recyclables: The project has provided appropriately sized dedicated areas for the collection and storage of materials for recycling.
• Low-Emitting Materials-Adhesives and Sealants: All adhesive and sealant products used on the inside of the weatherproofing system and applied on site have been included in the tables and comply with the VOC limits of the referenced standards for this credit.
• Low-Emitting Materials-Paints and Coatings: All paint and coating products used on the inside of the weatherproofing system and applied on site have been included in the tables and comply with the VOC limits of the referenced standards for this credit.
• Low-Emitting Materials-Flooring Systems: All interior flooring materials meet or exceed applicable criteria for the Carpet and Rug Institute, South Coast Air Quality Management District, or Floor Score; the carpet adhesives used have a VOC level of less than 50 g/L; all floor finishes meet the requirements of SCAQMD Rule 1113; and all tile setting adhesives and grout meet SCAQMD Rule 1168.
• Indoor Chemical and Pollutant Source Control: The project has been designed to minimize building occupant exposure to particulates and chemical pollutants.